Luke 20:1 And it came to pass, that on one of those days, as he taught
the people in the temple, and preached the gospel, the chief priests and
the scribes came upon him with the elders,
2 And spake unto him, saying, Tell us, by what authority doest thou
these things? or who is he that gave thee this authority?
Verses 1-8 = Enemies, question, First attack on
Jesus and The Lord's Authority
Came upon = Implying suddenness and hostility
3 And he answered and said unto them, I will also ask you one thing; and
The chief priests and the scribes ask Jesus by
who authority doest thou do these things?
In religious matters, verse 22 in civil matters
and verse 33 in domestic matters.
4 The baptism of John, was it from heaven, or of men?
5 And they reasoned with themselves, saying, If we shall say, From
heaven; he will say, Why then believed ye him not?
6 But and if we say, Of men; all the people will stone us: for they be
persuaded that John was a prophet.
Enemies and reasoning
It implies close deliberation with one another
7 And they answered, that they could not tell whence it was.
Will stone us = will stone us to death
They be persuaded = it (the people) has been
Implying long settled conviction
8 And Jesus said unto them, Neither tell I you by what authority I do
The Lord's question unanswered, why?
They didn't know
9 Then began he to speak to the people this parable; A certain man
planted a vineyard, and let it forth to husbandmen, and went into a far
country for a long time.
Jesus enemies answer .. declined
10 And at the season he sent a servant to the husbandmen, that they
should give him of the fruit of the vineyard: but the husbandmen beat
him, and sent him away empty.
Parable against them
Parable of A certain man planted a vineyard
Proprietor of Vineyard = action
People = But still in the hearing of the rulers
Husbandmen = Israel
Isaiah 5:7 For the vineyard of the Lord of hosts
is the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his
pleasant plant: and he looked for judgment, but
behold oppression; for righteousness, but behold
Jeremiah 2:21 Yet I had planted thee a noble
vine, wholly a right seed: how then art thou
turned into the degenerate plant of a strange
vine unto me?
Isaiah 5:1 Now will I sing to my well beloved a
song of my beloved touching his vineyard. My
well beloved hath a vineyard in a very fruitful
2 And he fenced it, and gathered out the stones
thereof, and planted it with the choicest vine,
and built a tower in the midst of it, and also
made a winepress therein: and he looked that it
should bring forth grapes, and it brought forth
3 And now, O inhabitants of Jerusalem, and men
of Judah, judge, I pray you, betwixt me and my
4 What could have been done more to my vineyard,
that I have not done in it? wherefore, when I
looked that it should bring forth grapes,
brought it forth wild grapes?
5 And now go to; I will tell you what I will do
to my vineyard: I will take away the hedge
thereof, and it shall be eaten up; and break
down the wall thereof, and it shall be trodden
6 And I will lay it waste: it shall not be
pruned, nor digged; but there shall come up
briers and thorns: I will also command the
clouds that they rain no rain upon it.
7 For the vineyard of the Lord of hosts is the
house of Israel, and the men of Judah
his pleasant plant: and he looked for judgment,
but behold oppression; for righteousness, but
behold a cry.
8 Woe unto them that join house to house, that
lay field to field, till there be no place, that
they may be placed alone in the midst of the
11 And again he sent another servant: and they beat him also, and
entreated him shamefully, and sent him away empty.
Husbandmen = Conduct
Servant = bond-servant
12 And again he sent a third: and they wounded him also, and cast him
Another = other or different
13 Then said the lord of the vineyard, What shall I do? I will send my
beloved son: it may be they will reverence him when they see him.
14 But when the husbandmen saw him, they reasoned among themselves,
saying, This is the heir: come, let us kill him, that the inheritance
may be ours.
Matthew 21:37 But last of all he sent unto them
his son, saying, They will reverence my son.
38 But when the husbandmen saw the son, they
said among themselves, This is the heir; come,
let us kill him, and let us seize on his
39 And they caught him, and cast him out of the
vineyard, and slew him.
40 When the lord therefore of the vineyard
cometh, what will he do unto those husbandmen?
41 They say unto him, He will miserably destroy
those wicked men, and will let out his vineyard
unto other husbandmen, which shall render him
the fruits in their seasons.
15 So they cast him out of the vineyard, and killed him. What therefore
shall the lord of the vineyard do unto them?
The chief priests therefore and officers crucify
Because he made himself the
Son of God.
Mark 15:27 And with him they crucify two
thieves; the one on his right hand, and the
other on his left.
28 And the scripture was fulfilled,
which saith, And he was numbered with the
John 19:6 When the chief priests therefore and
officers saw him, they cried out, saying,
Crucify him, crucify him. Pilate saith unto
them, Take ye him, and crucify him: for I find
no fault in him.
7 The Jews answered him,
We have a law, and by
our law he ought to die, because
he made himself the Son of God.
The key of David, who crucify Jesus?
Revelation 2:9 I know thy
works, and tribulation, and poverty, (but thou art rich) and I
know the blasphemy of them which say they are Jews, and
but are the synagogue of Satan.
(Matthew 13) Satan seed = the tares
John 8:41 Ye do the deeds of your father. Then said they to him,
We be not born of fornication; we have one Father, even God.
42 Jesus said unto them, If God were your Father, ye would love
me: for I proceeded forth and came from God; neither came I of
myself, but he sent me.
43 Why do ye not understand my speech? even because ye cannot
hear my word.
44 Ye are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father
ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not
in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh
a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father
45 And because I tell you the truth, ye believe me not.
46 Which of you convinceth me of sin? And if I say the truth,
why do ye not believe me?
47 He that is of God heareth God's words: ye therefore hear them
not, because ye are not of God.
By our laws = Mans laws
Proprietor of Vineyard, Is the question
16 He shall come and destroy these husbandmen, and shall give the
vineyard to others. And when they heard it, they said, God forbid.
17 And he beheld them, and said, What is this then that is written, The
stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the
He shall come = (Some answered)
Others = others (of the same kind) a new Israel,
not a different Gentile nation, which would be.
God forbid = May it never be!
In Hebrew = chalilah = the opposite of "Amen"
(Genesis 44:7 and 17)
18 Whosoever shall fall upon that stone shall be broken; but on
whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder.
Proprietor (The Lord) Application
The chief corner stone = Jesus Christ
Ephesians 2:20 And are built upon the foundation
of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ
himself being the chief corner stone;
Luke 19:38 Saying, Blessed be the King that cometh in the name of the Lord:
peace in heaven, and glory in the highest.
Psalms 118:22 The stone which the builders
refused is become the head stone of the corner.
23 This is the Lord's doing; it is marvellous in
24 This is the day which the Lord hath made; we
will rejoice and be glad in it.
25 Save now, I beseech thee, O Lord: O Lord, I
beseech thee, send now prosperity.
26 Blessed be he that cometh in the name of the
Lord: we have blessed you out of the house of
27 God is the Lord, which hath shewed us light:
bind the sacrifice with cords, even unto the
horns of the altar.
28 Thou art my God, and I will praise thee: thou
art my God, I will exalt thee.
29 O give thanks unto the Lord; for he is good:
for his mercy endureth for ever.
19 And the chief priests and the scribes the same hour sought to lay
hands on him; and they feared the people: for they perceived that he had
spoken this parable against them.
Isaiah 8:14 And he shall be for a sanctuary; but
for a stone of stumbling and for a rock of
offence to both the houses of Israel, for a gin
and for a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem.
15 And many among them shall stumble, and fall,
and be broken, and be snared, and be taken.
16 Bind up the testimony, seal the law among my
17 And I will wait upon the Lord, that hideth
his face from the house of Jacob, and I will
look for him.
20 And they watched him, and sent forth spies, which should feign
themselves just men, that they might take hold of his words, that so
they might deliver him unto the power and authority of the governor.
Enemies, Second attack and tribute money
They knew Jesus was telling the truth
21 And they asked him, saying, Master, we know that thou sayest and
teachest rightly, neither acceptest thou the person of any, but teachest
the way of God truly:
Spies = secret agents - In Greek = liars in wait
Just = righteous = honest
Words = discourse
Power = rule = the Roman power
Governor = Pilate
Pilate alone had the rule as to life and death.
So that it was the Lord's life had in view
22 Is it lawful for us to give tribute unto Caesar, or no?
Truly = with truth
Tribute = anything brought
23 But he perceived their craftiness, and said unto them, Why tempt ye
Caesar was the governor at this time.
Tribute = anything brought
Here the poll-tax, which was disputed by
Romans 13:6 For this cause pay ye tribute also: for they are God's ministers,
attending continually upon this very thing.
7 Render therefore to all their dues: tribute to whom tribute is due;
custom to whom custom; fear to whom fear; honour to whom honour.
24 Shew me a penny. Whose image and superscription hath it? They
answered and said, Caesar's.
Perceived = discerned, not the same word in
Craftiness = cunning
25 And he said unto them, Render therefore unto Caesar the things which
be Caesar's, and unto God the things which be God's.
The Lord's question
Who image and superscription?
Matthew 22:20 And he saith unto them, Whose is this image and
21 They say unto him, Caesar's. Then saith he unto them, Render
therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar's; and unto
God the things that are God's.
22 When they had heard these words, they marvelled, and left
him, and went their way.
26 And they could not take hold of his words before the people: and they
marvelled at his answer, and held their peace.
If you pay taxes, your governor is supposed to
27 Then came to him certain of the Sadducees, which deny that there is
any resurrection; and they asked him,
Mark 9:32 But they understood not that saying, and were afraid to ask him.
28 Saying, Master, Moses wrote unto us, If any man's brother die, having
a wife, and he die without children, that his brother should take his
wife, and raise up seed unto his brother.
29 There were therefore seven brethren: and the first took a wife, and
died without children.
30 And the second took her to wife, and he died childless.
Enemies, third attack and resurrection
Sadducees deny the resurrection, saying that
there is no resurrection.
This is the key that follows.
Matthew 22:23 The same day came to him the Sadducees, which say that there
is no resurrection, and asked him,
24 Saying, Master, Moses said, If a man die, having no children,
his brother shall marry his wife, and raise up seed unto his
25 Now there were with us seven brethren: and the first, when he
had married a wife, deceased, and, having no issue, left his
wife unto his brother:
26 Likewise the second also, and the third, unto the seventh.
27 And last of all the woman died also.
28 Therefore in the resurrection whose wife shall she be of the
seven? for they all had her.
29 Jesus answered and said unto them, Ye do err, not knowing the
scriptures, nor the power of God.
30 For in the resurrection they neither marry, nor are given in
marriage, but are as the angels of God in heaven.
31 But as touching the resurrection of the dead, have ye not
read that which was spoken unto you by God, saying,
32 I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of
Jacob? God is not the God of the dead, but of the living.
33 And when the multitude heard this, they were
astonished at his doctrine
31 And the third took her; and in like manner the seven also: and they
left no children, and died.
32 Last of all the woman died also.
33 Therefore in the resurrection whose wife of them is she? for seven
had her to wife.
34 And Jesus answering said unto them, The children of this world marry,
and are given in marriage:
35 But they which shall be accounted worthy to obtain that world, and
the resurrection from the dead, neither marry, nor are given in
World = age
This age as distinguished from the age (or
dispensation) that is to come, the age to which
resurrection is the door of entrance.
36 Neither can they die any more: for they are equal unto the angels;
and are the children of God, being the children of the resurrection.
The resurrection from the dead, neither marry,
nor are given in marriage
Means = No more births, marriages, or deaths.
1 Corinthians 15:52 In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the
trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we
shall be changed.
Revelation 21:4 And God shall wipe away all tears
from their eyes; and there shall be no more death, neither
sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be any more pain: for
the former things are passed away.
37 Now that the dead are raised, even Moses shewed at the bush, when he
calleth the Lord the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God
38 For he is not a God of the dead, but of the living: for all live unto
Moses shewed = Moses cited because his testimony
was in question verse 28.
Shewed = disclosed
At the bush = 1 Samuel 1:18, "the bow". Ezekiel
1 "the Chariot".
Roman 11:2 "Elijah" Quoted from Exodus 3:6.
39 Then certain of the scribes answering said, Master, thou hast well
40 And after that they durst not ask him any question at all.
41 And he said unto them, How say they that Christ is David's son?
41 And he said unto them, How say they that Christ is David's son?
The Lord's question, "How"?
42 And David himself saith in the book of Psalms, The Lord said unto my
Lord, Sit thou on my right hand,
43 Till I make thine enemies thy footstool.
David himself said, considering that the Lord
spoke only what the Father gave Him to speak.
It is perilously near blasphemy for a modern
critic to say: nothing can be more mischievous
or more irreverent than to drag in the name of
our Lord to support a particular view of
The lord's name is not "dragged in".
It is he who speaking.
It is He who declares in the name of God that
"David himself wrote these words" in the book of
It is the denial of this that must undermine
faith in Christ.
Psalm 110:1 The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou
at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy
2 The Lord shall send the rod of thy strength
out of Zion: rule thou in the midst of thine
3 Thy people shall be willing in the day of thy
power, in the beauties of holiness from the womb
of the morning: thou hast the dew of thy youth.
4 The Lord hath sworn, and will not
repent, Thou art a priest for ever
after the order of Melchizedek.
5 The Lord at thy right hand shall strike
through kings in the day of his wrath.
6 He shall judge among the heathen, he shall
fill the places with the dead bodies; he shall
wound the heads over many countries.
7 He shall drink of the brook in the way:
therefore shall he lift up the head.
44 David therefore calleth him Lord, how is he then his son?
Make = set
Matthew 22:44 The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I
make thine enemies thy footstool?
45 Then in the audience of all the people he said unto his disciples,
46 Beware of the scribes, which desire to walk in long robes, and love
greetings in the markets, and the highest seats in the synagogues, and
the chief rooms at feasts;
Enemies, disciples warned against them
47 Which devour widows' houses, and for a shew make long prayers: the
same shall receive greater damnation.
These play church, these make their laws.. not
Kenite will not accept Jesus, they play
church... for a shew ... to take your money
Devour = swallow up
Damnation = judgment or condemnation
• Exactly 2520 years from the exile
of Benjamin, Iceland became an independent nation.
The first tribe to be
conquered by the Assyrians was Manasseh,
in 745 B.C. Exactly 2520 years later America became a nation on July 4, 1776.
• Study the book: Abrahamic Covenant,
(A study outline of the identity of God's people) By E. Raymond Capt
- page 25